Located in the Eastern Asia,
bordering with Afghanistan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea,
Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, China
is the third largest country in total area in the world after Russia and
China boasts a total land area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million square miles), across four time zones. Beijing, the capital of China, is located in the Eastern 8th Zone, "Beijing Time" is the standard for the whole country. From north to south, the territory of China stretches from the center of the Heilong River north of the town of Mohe to the Zengmu Reef at the southernmost tip of the Nansha Islands, stretching a distance of 5,500 km. From east to west, the nation extends from the confluence of the Heilong and Wusuli rivers to the Pamirs, covering a distance of 5,200 km.
China's mainland coastline measures approximately 18,000 km, with a flat topography, and many excellent docks and harbors, most of which are ice-free all year round. The Chinese mainland is flanked to the east and south by the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China seas, with a total maritime area of 4.73 million sq km. The Bohai Sea is China's continental sea, while the Yellow, East China and South China seas are marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean.
China covers a vast land of about 9.6 million sq km, and is the third-largest country in the world, next only to Russia and Canada. China's landscape is vast and diverse, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts occupying the arid north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests being prevalent in the wetter south near Southeast Asia.
The terrain of western China is rugged and elevated, with the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separating China from South and Central Asia. The world's apex, Mt. Everest (8,848 m), lies on the China–Nepal border, while the world's second-highest point, K2 (8,611 m), is situated on China's border with Pakistan. The country's lowest and the world's third-lowest point, Lake Ayding (−154 m), is located in the Turpan Depression.
The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, have their sources in the Tibetan Plateau and continue to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long (the 11th-longest in the world), and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
The land of China is pockmarked by historical sites and cultural relics. Beijing, Xi'an, Nanjing, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Hangzhou and Anyang are seven ancient capitals. China awaits to take its visitors on journeys of discovery through a galaxy of cultural legacy by following in the footsteps of celebrated historical figures like Confucius, Qinshihuang and Gengghis Khan, and give them the opportunity to contemplate the immensity and profundity of human glory.